Ping(Packet InterNet Groper) is a computer network administration software utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network and to measure the round-trip time for messages sent from the originating host to a destination computer and back.
Ping operates by sending Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request packets to the target host and waiting for an ICMP echo reply. It measures the round-trip time from transmission to reception, reporting errors and packet loss.
$ ping -help Usage: ping [-LRUbdfnqrvVaAD] [-c count] [-i interval] [-w deadline] [-p pattern] [-s packetsize] [-t ttl] [-I interface] [-M pmtudisc-hint] [-m mark] [-S sndbuf] [-T tstamp-options] [-Q tos] [hop1 ...] destination
Many systems provide a companion utility ping6, for similar testing on Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) networks.
$ ping6 -help Usage: ping6 [-LUdfnqrvVaAD] [-c count] [-i interval] [-w deadline] [-p pattern] [-s packetsize] [-t ttl] [-I interface] [-M pmtudisc-hint] [-S sndbuf] [-F flowlabel] [-Q tclass] [[-N nodeinfo-option] ...] [hop1 ...] destination
C:\>ping /? Usage: ping [-t] [-a] [-n count] [-l size] [-f] [-i TTL] [-v TOS] [-r count] [-s count] [[-j host-list] | [-k host-list]] [-w timeout] [-R] [-S srcaddr] [-4] [-6] target_name Options: -t Ping the specified host until stopped. To see statistics and continue - type Control-Break; To stop - type Control-C. -a Resolve addresses to hostnames. -n count Number of echo requests to send. -l size Send buffer size. -f Set Don't Fragment flag in packet (IPv4-only). -i TTL Time To Live. -v TOS Type Of Service (IPv4-only. This setting has been deprecated and has no effect on the type of service field in the IP Header). -r count Record route for count hops (IPv4-only). -s count Timestamp for count hops (IPv4-only). -j host-list Loose source route along host-list (IPv4-only). -k host-list Strict source route along host-list (IPv4-only). -w timeout Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply. -R Use routing header to test reverse route also (IPv6-only). -S srcaddr Source address to use. -4 Force using IPv4. -6 Force using IPv6.
The following is the output of running ping under Linux for sending five probes to the target host www.yahoo.com.
$ ping -c 5 www.yahoo.com PING www.yahoo.com (18.104.22.168) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_req=1 ttl=47 time=22.8 ms 64 bytes from 126.96.36.199: icmp_req=2 ttl=47 time=22.3 ms 64 bytes from 188.8.131.52: icmp_req=3 ttl=47 time=22.8 ms 64 bytes from 184.108.40.206: icmp_req=4 ttl=47 time=22.2 ms 64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_req=5 ttl=47 time=22.2 ms --- www.yahoo.com ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4005ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 22.228/22.503/22.853/0.316 ms
The utility summarizes its results after completing the ping probes. The shortest round trip time(RTT) was 22.228 ms, the average was 22.503 ms, and the maximum value was 22.853 ms. The measurement had a standard deviation of 0.316 ms.